Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common hormonal disorders found in women, affecting approximately 10% of women worldwide. The syndrome is present throughout a woman’s life from puberty to menopause and affects women of all races and ethnic groups. It is thought to be hereditary and may run in families. Environmental factors such as diet also play a role in the development of PCOS.
Women with PCOS may experience an array of possible symptoms including obesity, irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, depression, acne, and hair loss. Sometimes even reaching health implications such as the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes making the stressful symptoms even more daunting. It is the most common hormonal problem for all age groups and also a leading cause of increasing infertility in our country.
Common Symptoms of PCOS
- Irregular periods, Delayed menses - Women may have irregular periods, ranging from 6 to 8 periods per year. They may get their period every month for a long time then skip a month or two. In some cases, they may have no periods for many months.
- Pimple, acne, excess hair growth (male pattern) & oily skin - Another common symptom of PCOS is acne or oily skin. Acne may occur on the face and sometimes on the back or chest. This is due to the higher level of male hormone, which can also cause excess facial hair on the chin or upper lip or excess hair growth on chest and tummy. The hormones also cause hair thinning and hair loss.
- Obesity – 50 to 60 % of women with PCOS are obese. They are also at greater risk of developing diabetes in their midlife.
Treatment for PCOS
Weight loss is of prime importance in the treatment. For overweight women, losing 5-10 % of body weight may help.
Exercise can help raise energy levels and even help balance hormones.
Hormonal treatment is done to rectify the hormonal imbalance. With the treatment, the acne, facial hair reduces and the periods also become regular.
With proper counseling, guidance, diet planning, exercise, active lifestyle, and medicines when required, one can combat this hormonal problem and attain a healthy life.
Centre for Women Health at Sarvodaya Hospital delivers world-class health care and gynecological services to women of all age groups. Our centre is supported by expert Gynecologists, Obstetricians and female Urologists, who have achieved expertise in handling medical conditions like PCOS. We aim to deliver the highest standards of medical and surgical care with personalized attention and best levels of patient care.