Joint Replacement or Joint Arthroplasty is the most widely practiced surgical options for arthritis all over the world and its application in India has risen significantly too. According to a recent data, the age of the patients suffering from Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis and opting for joint replacement ranges from 22 to 74 years with rheumatoid arthritis being major cause of arthritis requiring replacement in younger population. The male female distribution of patients is 25% and 75% respectively. It is estimated that over 1,20,000 joint replacements are done annually in India. Previously, joint replacements were done on the elderly patients and were advised to delay the operation as much as possible but there is a huge shift of concept and today the younger generation suffering from arthritis is opting for joint replacement as this is attributing to better life. Also the availability of better implants, advanced procedure like fast track computer navigation has increased the acceptability of the joint replacement.
Most of the routine joint replacements are done using the alignment jigs and cutting blocks. These are relatively simple devices and patient has to rely on the surgeons ability to feel and perform the right alignment and balance of the joint. But this traditional method has limitations on its own and the success of such operations get stuck and the output is not always 100%. So here comes the advanced version which is Fast track computer navigated joint replacement.
It is a wide spread conception that after knee replacement surgery one needs to stay for a long time in hospital and it takes further a long time to return back to normal activities. But these concepts are changing with the advent of newer fast track knee replacement technology. Fast track has become a well-known concept in improved patient satisfaction and post-operative results.
Fast Track Technology leads to higher patient satisfaction and lower post-operative complications, reduces length of stay in hospital, together with improved health related quality of life and functionality, to reduce morbidity and post-operative disability with an earlier achievement of functional milestones.